Due to the deforestation and the high cost of wood pulp, many paper manufacturing industries are interesting to produce the paper without wood. The wood pulp was not invented till the mid of 1800s in Canada and Germany which was the reason have a large collection of old stocks and books- all the things used to write and print on.
The many types are there to make the wood free papers. There are
- Post-Consumer Waste – The post-consumer waste is making the paper from people who throw out or recycle. The most of paper is made from post-consumer waste. It’s also saves energy and keeps paper from the landfill.
- Hemp– The hemp is another way to product the paper with very less price. The hemp helps to produce the own natural pesticide and it’s easily produce as much fibre per acre as pine. The paper, clothing and other materials are made from hemp. The hemp contains 85% of cellulose. The hemp helps make strong paper and which was lasts centuries more than wood paper. The hemp seeds and flowers are used in making the health foods, organic body care and other nutraceuticals. The fibers and stalks are used in hemp clothing, construction materials, paper, biofuel and Plastic composites.
- Kenaf- The Kenaf is a cousin to the cotton plant which utilizes the 15-25% less energy than pine to produce the pulp. The Kenaf was specially determined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) which is the optimal resource to make paper without trees. The kenaf plant is an annual hibiscus similar to cotton. The Kenaf’s 240 types have been researched by the USDA for over 40 years. The Kenaf is included less than 25% lignin than wood fiber which converts into lower chemical and energy requirements in the pulping process.
- Bamboo- The bamboo is the fast growing grass and its produces the 4 to 5 times the fiber of the fastest-growing commercial tree species. The bamboo is a quickly renewable resource and also reduces the soil erosion.
- Agri-Pulp- The agri-pulp is used to combine the agricultural waste and also the post consumer waste to produce the paper. The agri-pulp production plant is energy self-sufficient which produces its own stream and improves to lope the plant.
- Cotton- The paper is also produced from the cotton and the cotton are grown in several colors like green, brown and white.